A shrewd political observer once said that Americans rarely solve their most pressing political problems; instead, they amicably bid them goodbye. Take the primary system by way of example. The primary system itself has been attended, especially during the current Presidential election, with glaring problems that pretty nearly everyone has studiously ignored. It is the primary system that has given us two of the most unpalatable presidential candidates in U.S. History. Nearly fifty percent of voters on either side of the political spectrum this year will be voting AGAINST the Presidential candidates, according to a September Pew Research poll. Primaries lengthen the political season, an unintended result of a \u201cparticipatory democracy\u201d that benefits news producers, editors and incumbents trolling for campaign cash but few others. The current primary season began on the Republican side eighteen months ago when Senator Ted Cruz announced his candidacy for the Presidency. In due course, sixteen other Republican hats were thrown into the Presidential ring. After the Republican Nominating Convention dispersed, sixteen months and millions of dollars later, Donald Trump, whose conservative bona fides and political affiliation still remain in question, emerged with the Republican nomination clenched in his teeth. Among the vanquished also-rans were three anti-establishment Republicans - Ted Cruz, Marco Rubio and Ron Paul - all Tea Party favorites and thorns in the side of the ancient Republican Party regime. On the Democratic side, former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton was almost successfully challenged in a primary by Socialist Democratic Senator from the People\u2019s Republic of Vermont Bernie Sanders. Votes tallied at the Democratic Nominating Convention showed Sanders winning a not inconsiderable 1,865 delegates before he put forward a motion to nominate by voice vote primary opponent Hillary Clinton who, hacked emails later disclosed, had turned her efforts to subverting Sanders\u2019 Presidential bid. During his primary campaign, Sanders refused to dwell on Clinton\u2019s email scandal, remarking to a smugly smiling Hillary Clinton during one of their debates that America was \u201csick of hearing about your damn emails,\u201d in hindsight a fatal strategic mistake. Sanders did mention that his campaign had been subverted by the Democratic National Committee, a charge later confirmed by hacked emails that Sanders thought tedious and not worth mentioning. Almost everyone, except true-believers on both sides of the current political barricades, will agree that both Republican and Democratic Party nominees are scarred with defects that would not have made it past the jeweler\u2019s eyes of the party bosses of yore. The last Democratic Party boss in Connecticut, John Bailey, would not have failed to notice both Mrs. Clinton\u2019s glaring defects, not the least of which was her husband, and Mr. Sanders\u2019 leftist drift from what used to be called among Democrats the \u201cVital Center\u201d of American politics. Mr. Bailey would have allowed liberalism, but not libertinism, and he would have put the kibosh on Democratic candidates who favored an administrative repeal of any of the First Ten Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. Pragmatic to the bone, Mr. Bailey almost certainly would not have sanctioned a measure to force The Little Sisters of the Poor to dispense condoms to fellow workers who were not nuns or priests. He also would have counseled against any polity that refused adamantly to make reasonable accommodations with Evangelicals and members of the Catholic Church. Political power and money is now controlled by party outliers. We have gotten rid of John Bailey, and replaced him with political PACS that furnish negative ads and dark money in the service of political incumbents who, petite parties themselves, are independent of either of the major two parties. These correlations of force have produced an ever widening, unbridgeable gap between the two major Parties. A party system that once depended upon sometimes corrupt bosses for financing and direction now depends upon PACs that operate outside campaign financing laws, provided they do not engage in promoting specific candidates. These party outliers are the wellspring of vicious ads that have only a nodding connection with the truth. The parties themselves are poor. Primaries have reduced national conventions to rote political thought and action, breaking the indispensable live connection between state and national politics, which is now run by the whimsical nominal heads of parties. In November, the nation will reap what it has sown. This time around, the primary system has allowed access to the presidency of two of the most unloved candidates for the presidency in modern times. And dark politics has produced nation-wide cynicism, dark thoughts and dark deeds. Such is political progress in the age of progressivism, all bottom and no top, all lower depths and no heights. Don Pesci is a writer who lives in Vernon. Email him at firstname.lastname@example.org.