Since 2010, there have been two significant hurricanes that have affected Connecticut: Hurricane Irene in 2011 and Superstorm Sandy in 2012, which was no longer a hurricane by definition when it made landfall in Connecticut.

With the Atlantic hurricane season starting June 1, coastal municipalities are getting ready with a statewide Hazard Mitigation Plan, and each has its own approach.

Rick Fontana, deputy director of Emergency Operations in New Haven, said the three most important things for hurricane preparedness are to “make an emergency kit for your family, have an emergency evacuation plan and stay informed.”

The city’s hurricane preparedness brochure lists a flashlight, a battery-operated radio, extra batteries, nonperishable food, and water as some items to keep in the emergency kit.

Fontana said the kit should be prepared ahead of time as supplies will be limited the day before the storm.

Fire Battalion Chief Anthony Fabrizi of Milford agreed, and advised Milford residents to start preparing for hurricane season sooner rather than later.

Early prevention is key, as it “makes for a much smoother transition throughout the storm,” Fabrizi said.

While the preparedness of the community is East Haven Fire Chief Matthew Marcarelli’s primary objective, it’s not the only thing that is important. Secondary objectives for East Haven include the ability to maintain business continuity and restore infrastructure as soon as possible, said Marcarelli.

Despite rigourous preparation, coastal towns are vulnerable to hurricane damage just because of their location.

Of all the natural disasters in Connecticut, hurricanes have the greatest destructive potential because of the chance of coastal erosion, wind damage and flooding, according to the state Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection website.

Coastal towns rely on the assistance of the Federal Emergency Management Agency as well as their own emergency plans for information.

Some towns are updating their emergency plans while others have not changed much since last year.

East Haven is reviewing its hazard mitigation and emergency operations plans and the Fire Department conducts tabletop exercises, said Marcarelli, as the town adjusts what works and what does not.

Meanwhile, the only change in Branford’s emergency plan year-to-year is the personnel, said police Capt. Raymond Dunbar, as the plan in place works.

As for Milford, Fabrizi said any gaps in emergency plans continue to be refined, built upon and improved.

New Haven typically puts out a press release, updates its brochure and reaches out to the public about what to expect during hurricane season, Fontana said.

Resources and additional information about hurricanes are available on many municipal websites.

Of all the natural disasters in Connecticut, hurricanes have the greatest destructive potential because of the chance of coastal erosion, wind damage and flooding, according to the state Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection website.