With the return of warmer weather and spring rain, residents can also expect the return of mosquitoes.

Milford’s mosquito control program has kicked off, with All Habitat Services monitoring the wetlands habitats in Milford and treating the marshy areas throughout the city.

Next on the list are the storm drains and catch basins. The primary focus of the Milford Health Department’s program is prevention through mosquito breeding site reduction, especially in densely populated areas, and education about personal protection, health department officials said in a prepared news release.

“Mosquito control efforts early in the season can decrease the risk of human transmission of West Nile Virus (WNV) and other vector borne associated diseases,” the release states. “Mosquitoes and Zika virus have made headlines over the past few months; however, it is important to note that Zika virus is spread to people through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. This mosquito species is not present in Connecticut and a closely related species found in low numbers in Connecticut is unlikely to present a risk of Zika virus infection to people.”

Nonetheless, health officials said it is critical to remain vigilant in monitoring mosquito activity and limiting mosquito contact with humans.

“Monitoring mosquitoes and applying larvicide treatments to key breeding sites in Milford greatly reduces the number of adult mosquitoes” said Deepa Joseph, Milford’s Director of Health. “Mosquito control activities combined with taking appropriate personal prevention measures is the best way to avoid mosquito bites.”

In June, the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station will begin mosquito monitoring throughout Connecticut to identify, trap and test insects for early detection of West Nile Virus, Eastern Equine Encephalitis, as well as monitoring for Zika virus. Mosquito trapping is conducted daily from June through October at 91 permanent locations throughout the state with two locations in Milford.

“It’s been an unpredictable spring so far and we want to make sure everyone knows what they can do to minimize mosquito bites as the weather warms up,” said Mayor Ben Blake.

The Milford Health Department advises residents to follow the 3 D’s for protection: Drain or dump any standing water that may produces mosquitoes, including ceramic pots, used tires, tree holes and other cavities in plants. Dress: Wear light colored, loose fitting clothing. When practical, wear long sleeves and pants. Defend against mosquito bites by using a mosquito repellent that has been registered by the Environmental Protection Agency, such as DEET, Picaridin, or oil of lemon eucalyptus.

For additional prevention tips or more information, visit the Milford Health Department website at http://www.ci.milford.ct.us/environmental-health-division/pages/mosquito-control. To report unusual numbers of mosquitoes, contact the Milford Health Department at 203-783-3287.