Becoming an Eagle Scout, the highest rank in the Boy Scouts of America, requires dedication and motivation. Scouts must demonstrate skills in leadership, community service and outdoor abilities. Once the tasks for the rank of Eagle Scout have been completed, a Scout becomes a member of a select group of individuals. Only about 4 percent of Boy Scouts go on to become Eagle Scouts. There are many famous Eagle Scouts, including Bill Bradley, senator from New Jersey; Gerald Ford, 38th President of the United States; and Steven Spielberg.
The Scouting movement began in the early part of the 20th century. Lord Robert Baden-Powell, a renowned veteran of the Boer Wars in Africa, is credited with starting the organization. During the Boer Wars, Baden-Powell had demonstrated outstanding cunning, ingenuity and leadership during Britain's struggle to gain control of parts of Southern Africa. He recounted his methods in a book titled "Aids to Scouting."